Common causes of back pain
Back pain is one of the most widespread diseases of our time and affects the well-being and quality of life of many people. The causes of back problems are varied and range from a lack of exercise and incorrect posture to muscular imbalances. In our restless everyday lives, characterised by sedentary activities and stress, the importance of strong muscles, especially a strong back, is often underestimated.
With a little more attention, however, you can recognise the risk factors for back pain at an early stage and take proactive countermeasures. Some of the most common causes of back pain are as follows:
Lack of exercise and muscle loss
One of the main causes of back pain is often an inactive lifestyle and the associated muscle loss. Modern professions often require long periods of sitting, which can lead to a weakening of the back muscles. The muscles that support the spine are under-utilised, which can ultimately lead to instability and pain.
Lack of ergonomic support
Poor posture and ergonomic shortcomings at work or during leisure time are also common causes of back pain. An incorrectly adjusted office chair, an unfavourable sleeping position or repeated uneven weight distribution can lead to tension and pain.
Overweight and uneven weight distribution
Being overweight is another significant cause of back pain. The additional weight puts excessive strain on the spine and intervertebral discs, which can lead to wear and tear and pain. At the same time, incorrect technique when lifting heavy loads or uneven weight distribution during exercise can lead to acute back problems.
Stress and psychosocial factors
Psychosocial factors, especially stress, play a role in the development of back pain. Chronic stress often leads to increased muscle tension, especially in the shoulder and neck area. This muscle tension can affect the entire back and lead to pain.
Age-related wear and tear
With increasing age, the spine is subject to natural wear and tear. The intervertebral discs lose elasticity and the vertebral joints wear out. As a result, the spine no longer has its natural shock-absorbing properties, which can lead to spinal injuries, slipped discs and chronic back pain.
Injuries and accidents
Acute injuries, whether from sporting accidents, falls or everyday accidents, are another cause of back pain. Slipped discs, vertebral fractures or injuries to the back muscles can lead to considerable discomfort.